2018  "Superficial Equality: Gender and Immigration in Asian American Political Participation." Politics, Groups and Identities,                        

           Volume 6: Issue 3.               

2018   “Wanting, and Weighting: White Women and Descriptive Representation in the 2016

            Presidential Election.” Journal of Race, Ethnicity and Politics, Volume 3: Issue 1.

2011    “Improving American Healthcare Exchanges’ Capacity for Increasing Access to Affordable Health Insurance.” Journal of  

            Public and International Affairs: 7.   

Forthcoming  “Asian American Political and Policy Opinions.” Oxford Handbook of Racial and Ethnic Politics in the United States.                              (With Taeku Lee. )

Work in Progress

"Nowhere to Run: Race, Gender and American State Legislative Elections" (Book Manuscript)


Texas State Capitol Dome

Texas State Capitol Dome

Against the backdrop of the United States’ rapidly changing population, the slow growth of women and racial minorities’ descriptive representation challenges widely espoused ideals of political accessibility and democratic competition in American politics. Current theories of group competition connect the growth of politically disadvantaged groups to increases in their political influence and incorporation, to varying degrees. However, little theoretical or empirical foundation exists in the discipline for understanding how the demographic transformation of the United States may shape the descriptive representation of women, and men, within and across racial groups.

Using new data containing district and candidate demographic information for every state legislative general election from 1996-2015, I demonstrate that the growing “strength in numbers” of communities of color has primarily served as a resource for increasing the racial diversity of men in statehouses—to the limited extent that racial diversity increased at all. I also show that the pattern of White men’s overrepresentation has been fairly impervious to racial population changes over the past twenty years. Based on these results, I argue that the opportunity context for state legislative candidates is sharply, and simultaneously, constrained by race and gender. The result is an electoral landscape in which Whites are unlikely to compete with candidates of color in the vast majority of contests, and to which women of color very rarely have access.

The limits on political access and competition identified in this analysis call for renewed attention to longstanding democratic concerns about how long certain groups must wait, or how large they must grow, before they can expect to see themselves and their concerns reflected in governing institutions.


"Demographics are (Men's) Destiny: Race, Gender and Descriptive Representation in American State Legislatures, 1996-2015."

“Looking in, Looking Out: Communities, Institutions and the Emergence of Latinx Candidates for Office.”

“Mobilizing Multilingualism under Section 203: The “Work” of Languages in Voter Participation.”

 “Home (Country) Work: Economic and Political Incorporation Among American Immigrants.”


Reports and Policy Briefs

2016    States of Inclusion: New American Journeys to Elected Office. The New American Leaders Project. 

2014    Represent 2020: A Scorecard for Immigrant Leadership in America. The New American Leaders Project.       

2011    “The Health Home: An Approach for Improving Health Outcomes for Boys and Young Men of Color.” Boys and Young Men

             of Color Research Brief Series. Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity, Berkeley School of Law.

2010    “Gains, Gaps and New Choices: The Impact of the Affordable Care Act in California. Advancing National Health Reform     

            Policy Brief Series. Berkeley School of Law Center on Health, Economic and Family Security.